What Is Mold
Molds are microscopic fungi that are found all around us. The fungi reproduce by releasing spores into the air. Mold is naturally occurring and usually is found in large quantities. Airborne spores look for a place to settle and grow.
What Conditions are Needed
The ideal temperature for mold growth is 77 to 86 degrees. Mold also requires moisture to grow. Generally, that moisture will come from water leaks, high humidity, or condensation. If the conditions are not right, the mold will go dormant and not grow.
In addition to the environment described above, mold can be accelerated by surfaces with organic matter. Natural materials like cotton or wood and surfaces with grease or food provide an ideal environment for growth.
When you are looking for spots that mold may be growing in your home, look for damp warm spots. Basement with wet concrete wall or crawlspaces that may have experienced a water leak are prime spots. Crawlspaces with uncovered earth can allow ample moisture to promote mold growth.
Inside your home, mold can take hold inside walls, behind cabinets, or under the carpet. Damp shower curtains and laundry piles can also provide the moisture and temperature required for growth.
How Do I Get Rid Of Mold
That depends on the extent of your problem. If the mold is on a surface that can be cleaned, simply wash it away with a soapy solution. You must be very thorough because any remaining spores will be able to regenerate. If the mold has made it into your walls or carpet, there is a good chance those materials will need to be removed.
After the materials have been removed and the mold has been completely cleaned, all surfaces must be dried.
Will Mold Return
If your mold was caused by a leaking appliance or pipe, there is a good chance you will not deal with any more mold. If there was another reason, the mold will likely return if not corrected. Since mold requires moisture to grow, the easiest way to eliminate the threat is to lower the humidity level. This may take some work on your A/C unit, or you may be able to strategically use dehumidifiers. The bottom line is that you must eliminate the moisture to prevent mold regrowth.
Do I Need Professional Help
Depending on the scope of your problem, a professional mold inspection could save you a lot of headaches. The pros have the tools and experience needed to determine the true extent of mold damage. Getting the mold cleanup done right the first time can save you big in the long run. On your own, you will have a difficult time determining just how far mold has gone without tearing out walls and making a huge mess.